English Phrasal Verbs – out part 5

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If you ‘shut out’ a noise or light you prevent it from being heard or seen. You can also ‘shut out’ emotions and feelings, usually painful ones. We need to close the curtains and shut out the light. You will have to try to shut out those painful memories. If you don’t include somebody in […]

English Phrasal Verbs – out part 4

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If you ‘show somebody out’, you show them the door out of the building. My secretary will show you out. Could you show Ms Smith out? If you ‘set out’, you start a journey or activity. We need to set out early if we want to get there in time for lunch. I set out […]

Adjectives used to describe change

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When we talk about changes, we often need to point out how big or rapid these changes have been. To do this, we need to use adjectives. exercise 1 exercise 2 exercise 3 exercise 4 admin Please enter the biographical info from the user profile screen.

English Phrasal Verbs – out part 3

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If you are ‘tired out’ you are very tired. All this work is beginning to tire me out. I need a break. The long journey has tired me out. If you ‘back out’ of something, you decide not to do something that you had previously agreed to do. John was going to make the presentation […]

Verbs used to describe change

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When we are giving a presentation, we often talk about changes. Usually we illustrate these changes with visual aids to show these changes. We need, however, to explain these changes. To do this, we need special verbs. exercise 1 exercise 2 exercise 3 exercise 4 exercise 5 admin Please enter the biographical info from the […]

English Phrasal Verbs – out part 2

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When you finish your stay in a hotel, you have to ‘check out’ at reception and pay your final bill. I need to check out of my hotel room by 11. You check us out whilst I order a taxi for the airport. If you ‘lock yourself out’, you close a door without having the […]

Effective Presentations – stating your purpose

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It is important to state your purpose clearly at the beginning of your talk. Here are some ways to do this: talk about = to speak about a subject Today I’d like to talk about our plans for the new site. I’m going to be talking to you about the results of our survey. report on = […]

English Phrasal Verbs – out part 1

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If you ‘ask someone out’, you invite them out on a date (with the hope of romance between you.) I want to ask her out but I am too shy. He asked me out on Friday but I told him I had to wash my hair. If you ‘cut something out’, you no longer do […]

Making a Presentation – dealing with nerves

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Almost everybody is nervous when they stand up to speak. There’s no shame in being nervous. However, if you are too nervous, your anxiety will spread to your audience, making them nervous in turn. So how can you stop yourself from feeling too nervous? Here are a few tips. 1. Don’t get hung up about […]

Phrasal Verbs – up part 5

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If you ‘do up’ your coat, you fasten it. Do up your jacket. It looks untidy. Can you do up my coat for me? My hands are frozen. ‘Do up’ can also mean to decorate or make repairs to something. Buy me the paint and I will do up my room. I’m going to do […]

Making a Presentation – finding a friendly face

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A Friendly Face When you stand up in front of that audience, you’re going to be really nervous. Poor speakers pay little or no attention to their audience as people. Big mistake. If you can see your audience as a group of individuals, you’ll be much more likely to connect with those individuals. Start looking […]

Phrasal verbs with up – part 4

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If someone ‘beats you up’, they hit and kick you and hurt you a lot. The muggers beat him up badly. I was beaten up so badly that I was off work for a month. If you ‘bottle up’ a feeling or emotion, you suppress them and don’t express them. If you bottle up your […]

Business English Vocabulary – pay part 3

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More vocabulary on the important topic of money: ‘commission’ is paid to people in sales based on the amounts of goods sold. Working here I get paid a fixed salary and commission based on my sales. I get paid a commission on the deals I negotiate. People who are ‘hourly paid’ are paid a fixed rate for each […]

Phrasal Verbs with up – part 3

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If you make a mess, you need to ‘clear it up’. It was your party. You clear up the mess. Don’t expect me to clear up after you. If you need some support, you need somebody to ‘back you up’. If you report it, I’ll back you up. Nobody would back me up when I […]

Business English Vocabulary – pay part 2

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We all go to work to earn money. Let’s look at more vocabulary to talk about our salaries: ‘gross salary’ is the salary before anything is deducted for contributions and tax. Her gross salary is £50 000 but obviously she takes home considerably less than that. He earns £40 000 a year gross. ‘net salary’ is the […]

Up Phrasal Verbs 2

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There is a group of expressions using ‘up’ where the ‘up’ is not necessary. For example you can say ‘fill’ or ‘fill up’ and it means almost the same thing. So why do we add the ‘up’? Well one possible answer is that ‘we do it because we do it’ – we have just developed […]

Pay vocabulary

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‘Pay’ is money that you get from your employer, either as a wage or as a salary. What are the pay and conditions for the job? Pay rates in the industry are very poor. ‘Back pay’ is money owed to you by your employer for work done in the past which has not yet been paid. I’m […]

Up Phrasal Verbs 1

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I’ve had a lot of requests for some lessons on ‘up’ so here is the first of several. We’ll cover the easy part today. One common use for ‘up’ in phrasal verbs is to indicate An upward movement An increase An improvement See how that applies to these eight verbs. If you display something such […]

Business Vocabulary – employment

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If you ‘hire’ someone, you employ them. We hired him on a six month contract. I hear that they are not hiring people at the moment because of budget problems. If you ‘fire’ somebody, you dismiss them from their job, usually because of something they did. I had to fire Sally because she kept on making mistakes. If you […]

Eating phrasal verbs

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If you ‘bolt down’ food, you eat it very quickly. This expression is informal. He bolted down the food. He really enjoyed it. I’m so busy that I’m going to bolt down some food and get straight back to work. If you ‘wolf down’ food, you also eat it quickly but specifically because you are […]